Mu’tazilah: figures and its thoughts

Zubaidah, Siti and M, Zulkifli (2016) Mu’tazilah: figures and its thoughts. IJSBAR, 26 (2). pp. 136-146. ISSN 2307-4531

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Abstract

Mu’tazilah is one of the doctrin that arises in the moslem views in facing of many problems of politics, theology, philosophy, and social. The most caused of Mutazilah born is theology and politics factors. The figures of Mu’tazilah are Abu al-Huzail al-‘Allaf (135-226 H./752-840 M.); Al-Nazzam (185-221 H.); Al-Jahizh (159-225 H.); Al-Jubba’i (death in 303H./ 915 M); Bisyr al-Mu’tamir (death in 226 H./840 M.); Mu’ammar ibn Abbad (wafat 220 H.); Al-Khayyat (death in 300 H); Abu Musa al-Murdar (death in 226 H.); Sumamah ibn Asyrasy (death in 213 H.); dan Hisyam ibn ‘Amr al-Fuwati (death in 226 H.). Mu’tazilah doctrines are in accordance with al-Ushul al-Khamsah (five basics principal doctrines); the basic tenets aretawheed (monotheism), al-adl (divine justice), al-amrubilma’rufwannahyuanilmunkar (commanding the good and prohibiting the evil), al-manzilahbainalmanzilatain (the position between two extremes) , andal wa’dwa al wa’id (promise and threat). Those principles are as their efforts to maintain the pure of Islam doctrine, though there are still weaknesses in the application. The merit of Mu’tazilah should be fully respect. In line with the position of rationality in Mu’tazilah doctrine, it is the first Islamic theology which regards the Islamic rationalism. The Mu’tazilah’sthoughts can be used in the basic of free thinking in Islam understanding.

Jenis Item: Artikel
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mu'tazilah, Figures Mu'tazilah, Thoughts Mu'tazilah
Subjects: 2X8 ALIRAN DAN SEKTE > 2X8.3 Mu'tazilah > 2X8.32 Huzailiyah
2X8 ALIRAN DAN SEKTE > 2X8.3 Mu'tazilah > 2X8.33 Nizomiyah
2X8 ALIRAN DAN SEKTE > 2X8.3 Mu'tazilah > 2X8.34 Jahiziyah
2X8 ALIRAN DAN SEKTE > 2X8.3 Mu'tazilah > 2X8.35 Jabaiyah
2X8 ALIRAN DAN SEKTE > 2X8.3 Mu'tazilah > 2X8.36 Bahsyamiyah
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Pengguna yang mendeposit: Habiba Nur Maulida
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2017 05:56
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 08:38
URI: http://repository.uinsu.ac.id/id/eprint/2418

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