Mu’tazilah: Figures and Its Thoughts

Zubaidah, Siti and M, Zulkifli (2016) Mu’tazilah: Figures and Its Thoughts. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 26 (2). pp. 136-146. ISSN 2307-4531

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Abstract

Those principles are as their efforts to maintain the pure of Islam doctrine, though there are still weaknesses in the application. The merit of Mu’tazilah should be fully respect. In line with the position of rationality in Mu’tazilah doctrine, it is the first Islamic theology which regards the Islamic rationalism. The Mu’tazilah’sthoughts can be used in the basic of free thinking in Islam understanding. Mu’tazilah is one of the doctrin that arises in the moslem views in facing of many problems of politics, theology, philosophy, and social. The most caused of Mutazilah born is theology and politics factors. The figures of Mu’tazilah are Abu al-Huzail al-‘Allaf (135-226 H./752-840 M.); Al-Nazzam (185-221 H.); Al-Jahizh (159-225 H.); Al-Jubba’i (death in 303H./ 915 M); Bisyr al-Mu’tamir (death in 226 H./840 M.); Mu’ammar ibn Abbad (wafat 220 H.); Al-Khayyat (death in 300 H); Abu Musa al-Murdar (death in 226 H.); Sumamah ibn Asyrasy (death in 213 H.); dan Hisyam ibn ‘Amr al-Fuwati (death in 226 H.). Mu’tazilah doctrines are in accordance with al-Ushul al-Khamsah (five basics principal doctrines); the basic tenets aretawheed (monotheism), al-adl (divine justice), al-amrubilma’rufwannahyuanilmunkar (commanding the good and prohibiting the evil), al-manzilahbainalmanzilatain (the position between two extremes) , andal wa’dwa al wa’id (promise and threat).

Jenis Item: Artikel
Subjects: 2X8 ALIRAN DAN SEKTE > 2X8.3 Mu'tazilah
Divisions: Artikel (Jurnal, Koran, Majalah)
Pengguna yang mendeposit: Dr. Siti Zubaidah, M.Ag.
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2017 03:01
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2017 03:01
URI: http://repository.uinsu.ac.id/id/eprint/1912

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